The Bee-eater (Merops apiaster) is undoubtedly one of the most colourful distributions among our local bird life and is one of Baden-Württemberg’s rare nesting birds. The breeding population is spread over a total of four key areas, the Kaiserstuhl, the districts of Heidenheim and Sigmaringen and the northern Kraichgau in Wiesloch. In particular, the latter distribution is one of the oldest populations in Baden-Württemberg and has a turbulent past. After the population was destroyed in 1976, a lasting repopulation has taken place since the turn of the century, in the former breeding area. Since the first years of the repopulation were restricted primarily to the former breeding habitat, the Nußloch Quarry, and another location, have for a number of years served as additional breeding and regular habitat for bee-eaters in northern Kraichgau. As a thermophilic species of bird, bee-eaters inhabit open, warm cultivated landscapes with loess escarpments, which they use as a facility for their nests. Within the framework of the existing research concept, there should be not only a basic record and analysis of the existing population in the research area, but a sustained and practically-oriented protection scheme should also be established, which not only allows itself to be integrated into the existing utilisation plans but which also considers the current population in a landscape context.