The previous studies of selected opencast mines clearly indicate that the direction of spontaneous colonization of opencast excavations and sludge sedimentation tanks by vegetation is determined by the hydrological and hydrochemical relations of the drift. Therefore, the choice of the proper direction of reclamation should be preceded by detailed analysis of hydrological and hydrochemical relations. The chemical composition of the mine waters is determined mainly by the type of rock exploited in the excavation. Therefore, within this project, the authors would like to conduct research in the area of the Wójcice mine located in southern Poland. Gravel and sand are exploited material in the mine. The terrain of the mine is characterized by a large variety of morphological conditions (excavation, landfill, sediment), water and hydrochemical relations. The main objective of the research will be to demonstrate how the water and hydrochemical relationships affect the formation of flora of vascular plants, mosses and lichens and the direction of succession in the mine area. Hydrographic, chemical, water, physico-chemical, soil and botanical studies on flora will be carried out from March till August. The results will help to reduce the costs of excavation reclamation by supporting natural succession and using the obtained experience in other aggregate mines.

Bird tracks and algae

Ducks and other water birds penetrate bank of sedimentation tanks

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Small elephant hawk-moth (Zmrocznik pazik) Deilephila porcellus

We can observe moths - few representatives of fauna occurring in the initial plant communities

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